Materialism


Materialism
the philosophical view that the only thing that can truly be said to 'exist' is matter; that fundamentally, all things are composed of 'material' and all phenomena are the result of material interactions.
• Christian materialism - the philosophical view that the only thing that can truly be said to 'exist' is matter due to the teachings of Christ.
• Dialectical materialism - considered to be the philosophical basis of Marxism, it states that ideas and arguments can only exist as matter and that the subconscious protohuman does not exist.
• Historical materialism - the methodological approach to the study of society, economics, and history which was first articulated by Karl Marx. His fundamental proposition of historical materialism can be summed up in the following: It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but their social existence that determines their consciousness. — Karl Marx, Preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy Historical materialism looks for the causes of developments and changes in human societies in the way in which humans collectively make the means to live, thus giving an emphasis, through economic analysis, to everything that co-exists with the economic base of society (e.g. social classes, political structures, ideologies).
• Eliminative materialism - absolute version of materialism and physicalism with respect to mental entities and mental vocabulary, according to which our common-sense understanding of the mind (what eliminativists call folk psychology) is not a viable theory on which to base scientific investigation: behaviour and experience can only be adequately explained on the biological level. Therefore, no coherent neural basis will be found for everyday folk psychological concepts (such as belief , desire and intention, for they are illusory and therefore do not have any consistent neurological substrate. Eliminative materialists therefore believe that consciousness does not exist except as an epiphenomenon of brain function and some believe that the concept will eventually be eliminated as neuroscience progresses.
• Emergent materialism - a philosophy which asserts that the mind is an irreducible existent in some sense, albeit not in the sense of being an ontological simple, and that the study of mental phenomena is independent of other sciences.
• Evolutionary materialism - the philosophical view that the only thing that can truly be said to 'exist' is matter and that the process of observing such existence evolves and changes over time.
• French materialism - a philosophy which holds that both the associationist psychology and Empiricism of John Locke with the Totality of Isaac Newton are correct and compatible with each other.
• Reductive materialism - Reductionism

Mini philosophy glossary . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Materialism — materialism …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Materialism — • As the word itself signifies, Materialism is a philosophical system which regards matter as the only reality in the world, which undertakes to explain every event in the universe as resulting from the conditions and activity of matter, and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • materialism — MATERIALÍSM s.n. 1. Concepţie filozofică potrivit căreia materia este factorul prim, iar conştiinţa factorul derivat; spec. filozofie marxistă (marxism). ♢ Materialism dialectic = ştiinţa despre raportul dintre materie şi conştiinţă, despre… …   Dicționar Român

  • Materialism — Ma*te ri*al*ism, n. [Cf. F. mat[ e]rialisme.] 1. The doctrine of materialists; materialistic views and tenets; called also {philosophical materialism}. [1913 Webster] The irregular fears of a future state had been supplanted by the materialism of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • materialism —    Materialism is a philosophy of the ultimate constituents of reality that generally postulates either (1) all that exists is material, or (2) all that exists is either material or dependent upon the material. The first view has an ancient… …   Christian Philosophy

  • materialism — 1748, “philosophy that nothing exists except matter” (from Fr. matérialisme); 1851 as “a way of life based entirely on consumer goods.” From MATERIAL (Cf. material) + ISM (Cf. ism) …   Etymology dictionary

  • materialism — ► NOUN 1) a tendency to consider material possessions and physical comfort as more important than spiritual values. 2) Philosophy the doctrine that nothing exists except matter and its movements and modifications. DERIVATIVES materialist noun &… …   English terms dictionary

  • materialism — [mə tir′ē əl iz΄əm] n. [Fr matérialisme] 1. a) the philosophic doctrine that matter is the only reality and that everything in the world, including thought, will, and feeling, can be explained in terms of matter alone: opposed to IDEALISM b) the… …   English World dictionary

  • Materialism — Not to be confused with Materialistic. For the prioritization of resources, see economic materialism. For the Marxist analysis, see dialectical materialism. For consumerism, see consumerism. For materialist perspective on social development, see… …   Wikipedia

  • materialism — /meuh tear ee euh liz euhm/, n. 1. preoccupation with or emphasis on material objects, comforts, and considerations, with a disinterest in or rejection of spiritual, intellectual, or cultural values. 2. the philosophical theory that regards… …   Universalium

  • Materialism —    As the principal terms and labels for Karl Marx’s central theory and approach suggest (“the materialist conception of history,” “historical materialism,” “dialectical materialism”), materialism lies at the heart of Marxism. Marx developed his… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism


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